Kenya has one of the richest avifauna in Africa with around 1090 bird species being recorded. The variety of birds in Kenya is made possible by the favorable climate, various habitats and geographical features that make it a suitable migratory route for birds. The geographical features an be divided in to 5: the Highlands, the Rift Valley, the Western Plateau, the Coastal Region, and the Northern Plains.
There are numerous opportunities that arise to photograph birds. The most obvious are birds of the open savanna such as Common Ostrich, bustards, and Secretary bird and the astounding concentrations of flamingos on soda lakes in Lake Nakuru National Park and Lake Bogoria. Many bird species such as fiscals and weavers of open country can easily be captured. With patience it’s also possible to photograph birds of the Kakamega Forest and other forested habitats.
The best time to go birding in Kenya is during the short rains of November and early December when most species are in breeding plumage. That’s also when the display behavior of most species take place. By January mating activities has shaped off and birds are changing into non-breeding plumage. During this season some birds also migrate from and to Europe and Asia and between October and February many Palearctic migrants come to Kenya’s marine and inland shorelines. The best time to watch the birds species is in the early morning between the time the sun rises and mid-morning is often the time of the day when birds are most active. Most birds are most active at dawn and dusk, so these times are the best ones for bird-watching.
Some birding sites in the eastern highlands are Nairobi National Park, Mount Kenya, and the Aberdares Mountains, which includes the Gatamaiyo Forest Reserve. Birding sites on the western side include the Molo Grasslands, the Mau Narok region to the south, and the Kongelai Escarpment to the northwest of Kitale. Kenya’s national parks also make excellent centers for bird watching in Kenya.
Local bird guides are available at numerous of sites and are your best aid for locating and identifying the many species hence this will broaden your birding experience.